Cardiff National Museum Wales Littafi Craft Collection Textiles yarn sakar ja fari blue

KARATU | Gidan Tarihi na Wales | Tarin Tsarin Zamani

•Asar Ingila • Cardiff

A cikin fewan shekarun da suka gabata Wales ta zama muhimmiyar cibiyar don samar da fasahar zamani. Masu tukwane da masu fasa fasahori musamman wainda suka samo Wales - ƙauyuka da birane - yanayi mai ban sha'awa da tallafi don aiki a ciki.

Babban juzu'i ne na aikin kayan tarihi don tattarawa da nuna zane-zane na zamanin da wanda yake da alaƙa da Wales.

A cikin tarin sana'un mu saboda haka muke nufin wakiltar ire-iren ire-iren kayan yau da kullun da aka kirkira a Wales da kuma masu sana'a irin na Welsh. Har ila yau, muna ƙoƙarin samar da mafi girman yanayin wannan aikin ta hanyar samun ayyukan manyan masu fasaha daga wajen Wales.

Sana'o'in Welsh na gargajiya, tun daga ƙwanƙwasa da saƙƙen aiki har zuwa ƙerawa, ana ajiye su a Gidan Tarihi na Tarihi na Kasa na Fagans.

A matsayinta na ƙasar karkara, yawancin gari ana ganin Wales a matsayin wurin hutu, yana da kyau ga waɗanda suke son yin rayuwa da keɓaɓɓiyar 'madadin' rayuwa. Wannan magana ce ta yanci, amma wanda ya dace da akidun babban malamin dakin jirgi Bernard Leach. A sakamakon haka, da dama masu tukwane a Wales sun kafa tukunya a cikin tsarin karkara kuma ga matakan digiri daban-daban sun nemi bin al'adun Leach.

Mafi kyawun misalin wannan shine Phil Rogers, wanda ke aiki a Rhayader a cikin Powys. Rogers ya canza zuwa tukunyar littafin Leach's A Potter's Book kuma galibi ana koyar da kansa. Kamar Leach, kayan kwalliyar China, Koriya da Japan sun rinjayi shi kuma yana amfani da kayan gida, kamar gilashin da aka yi da toka daga itacen da ke kusa.

Ya fi dacewa a gare mu mu samo tukunyar tukunya a cikin al'adun Leach, kamar yadda kawun Leach Will Hoyle shi ne Daraktan farko na Gidan Tarihi na Wales. Ta hanyar wannan haɗin ne cewa a cikin 1924 gidan kayan gargajiya ya tattara kayan aikinsa na farko - kayan ado na kayan leke da Leach ya yi a kusan 1923. tarinmu yanzu ya haɗa da aikin sauran magidanta na Welsh waɗanda ke da alaƙa da dabarun Bernard Leach. Wadannan sun hada da Margaret da David Frith da Trefor Owen.

CARDIFF Gidan Tarihi na Wales Tarihi game da tukwanen tukwanen tukwane na kayan kwalliyar kwalliyar shara ta Bernard Leach

Sauran masu zane na yumbu suna yin wahayi zuwa ga kai tsaye ta yanayin Welsh. Beverley Bell-Hughes na Llandudno Junction, alal misali, yana da sha'awar aiwatar da canji na halitta; ana iya ganin maganganun ƙirar yanayin gari da kuma lalatattun abubuwa a cikin aikinta. David Binns, wanda ke zaune a Denbigh, yana aiki a cikin mafi ƙarancin yanayi wanda ba ya tasiri ta hanyar tsarin gine-gine da na injiniyanci da kuma kayan aikin Jafananci amma kuma ta hanyar fasalin da kuma yanayin dutsen na halitta.

Kodayake babu wata ma'amala da ayyukanta a kewayensu, da yawa daga cikin manyan masu fasa kwauri na Burtaniya sun zaɓi yin aiki a karkarar Wales. Waɗannan sun haɗa da Walter Keeler, wanda ya yi aiki kusa da Monmouth tun 1976, da John Ward, wanda ke zaune a Dyfed.

Tarin kayan tarihin yana nuna gaskiyar cewa yawancin masu sana'a a Wales suna rayuwa kuma suna aiki a cikin yanayin birni, musamman Cardiff. Geoffrey Swindell, wanda bukatunsa da yawa sun kasance daga rairayin bakin teku har zuwa almara na kimiyya, yana samar da ƙananan filayen zane na kayan ado. Michael Flynn ya samo asali ne a Cardiff amma yana aiki a kasashen waje a mafi yawan lokaci; yana yin rikitattun abubuwa raku da siffofi masu cike da karfi da ban dariya, suna zana abubuwa da yawa wadanda suka jawo hankali - wasan kwaikwayo da rawa, tatsuniyoyi da addini, bokaye na tarihi da sassaka zane wasu ne kawai daga cikin wadannan. An haifi Morgen Hall ne a California amma yanzu yana zaune a Cardiff, inda tarin kayan tarihin kayan tarihi da aikin William Burges suka ba da gudummawa ga ci gaban ƙwallayenta da ke cikin ƙarafa.

CARDIFF Museumasa Gidan Tarihin Waleswallon Walesidawa na Zamanin Tsarin tukunyar tukunyar tukunyar yumbu ta kasa

Wales ba wai kawai ya jawo hankalin masu sana'a ba ne har ma sun fitar da su. Misali, Elizabeth Fritsch, an haife ta a Wales a shekara ta 1940 kuma yanzu ita ce maginin tukwane wanda ya yi suna a duniya. Clive Bowen, wanda aka haife shi a Cardiff a 1945, yanzu yana aiki a Devon kuma ya gaji matsayin Michael Cardew a matsayin babban jigilar siye-juye na tsohuwar al'adar Turanci.

Lessarancin sanannu shi ne Gwilym Thomas, an haife shi a Swansea a shekara ta 1914 kuma a cikin 1930s wani ɗalibi na William Staite Murray, ɗaya daga cikin manyan maginan matatun jirgi. Thomas ya ciyar da mafi yawan rayuwarsa yana koyarwa kuma ya sayar da ofan kaɗan daga cikin tukwane; duk da haka, bayan rasuwarsa a 1995, Gidan Tarihi ya sami damar zaɓin wakilin aikinsa daga danginsa.


 




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