MoMa Degree Art Nunin Entartete Kunst zanen kayan tarihi gallery m censored art german gidan tarihi nazi germany

NEW YORK | MoMA | Matsakaici Art

Amurka • New York

Wannan nunin dijital yana ba da zaɓi ga zaɓin ayyuka a cikin tarin MoMA waɗanda aka ɗauka Entartete Kunst (“Gurguwar fasaha”) daga karshe kuma gwamnatin Nazi ta cire shi daga gidajen tarihin mallakar kasar Jamus.

A cikin shekarun farko na karni na 20, sabon fasaha mai saurin gaske ya bunƙasa a cikin Jamus. Ingantattun kayan tarihi da aka tattara tare da nuna aikin zamani daga Max Beckmann, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Paul Klee, da sauransu, tare da gabatar da su ga manyan ƙasashen duniya waɗanda suka haɗa da Alfred H. Barr, Jr., Daraktan kafa na MoMA.

Bayan da aka nada Adolf Hitler a matsayin shugabar gwamnati a watan Janairun 1933, hukumomin Najeriyar suka fara lalata wannan manufar tarin ayyukan ci gaba. A cikin shekarun da suka biyo baya, 'yan Nazi suka cire kayan zane-zane sama da 20,000 daga gidajen kayan tarihi na jihar.

A shekara ta 1937, 740 aka gabatar da ayyuka na zamani a cikin lalata Matsakaici Art a Munich domin "ilmantar da" jama'a kan "fasahar lalata."

Nunin da aka gabatar don nuna cewa dabi'un zamani, kamar maye, sakamakon ƙarancin gado ne da kuma ɗabi'ar ɗabi'ar al'umma.

Wani kebantaccen daidaitacce, alal misali, ya kusantar tsakanin ilimin zamani da cutar rashin hankalin.

Wasu daga cikin wadannan ayyukan an lalata su daga baya; wasu, bisa hukuma da aka ce “kasuwa ce ta duniya,” an sayar da su ta hannun dillalai masu fasaha waɗanda ke wakiltar gwamnatin Jamus.

Da yawa, gami da ayyukan da aka gabatar anan, ƙarshe sun samo sabbin gidaje a cikin tarin kayan tarihi a ƙasashen waje.

MoMa Degree Art Nunin Entartete Kunst zanen zane da aka zagi wanda aka zana shine Kiristi wanda yake lalata kayan lalata

Wannan baje kolin dijital wani ɓangare ne na aikin Binciken Provenance na MoMA. Tun daga 2003, shirin tabbatar da gaskiya na MoMA ya binciki tarihin ikon mallakar, ko tabbatarwa, na ayyukan da aka kirkira kafin 1946 da aka samu bayan 1932 waɗanda suke ko suna iya kasancewa a cikin Nahiyar Turai a lokacin mulkin Nazi don gano duk wani aikin da aka ƙayyade ba bisa ƙa'ida ba a cikin tarin kayan tarihin.


 




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