Ar (t) chitecture: Art, Ilimin halin dan adam & Zane

"Na yi imani da iyawar fasaha don warkar da ruhu." - Colleen Grey

Shin fasaha zata iya warkar da ranka? Shin zane zai iya zama sila? Shin zamu iya haɗa duka biyun don haɓaka lafiya da walwala?

Waɗannan lamuran na ba da shawara suna ba da goyon baya mai ƙarfi ga manufar Healing Art ko Therapeutic Art don sararin ciki. Fasahar kere kere (hada karatun kere kere da halayyar dan adam) kirkirar karni na 20. Kalmar an ƙirƙira ta a cikin 1942 ta Adrian Hill.

A cikin shekaru XNUMX masu zuwa, sha'awar ilimin fasaha ya haɓaka cikin sauri.

Zuwa 1970, ƙungiyoyi masu ƙwararru na masu fasahar zane-zane an kafa su a Burtaniya da Amurka, sannan daga baya a wasu ƙasashe da yawa.

Kodayake sha'awar farko ta Hill ita ce ikon fasaha don warkar da cututtukan jiki, haɓakar fasaha ta gaba don shahararrun bashi mai yawa ga tushe biyu.

Da farko, akwai tasirin Freud da kuma yaduwar aiki na ilimin halayyar kwakwalwa da nau'ikan nau'ikan da ilimin ilimin Freudian ya zuga.

Na biyu, amma ba karamin mahimmanci ba, mai yiwuwa, shine alaƙar da ke tsakanin fasaha da motsin rai wanda tuni al'adar soyayya ta Jamusanci ta ƙarni na 19 ta nanata. A sakamakon haka, damar yin amfani da ilimin zane-zane ya zama kamar bayyane-ofarfin fasaha don sadar da ji.

Akwai manyan hanyoyi guda uku waɗanda ake aiwatar da maganin fasaha.

Na farko ana kiransa nazarin zane-zane.

Ya dogara ne da ra'ayoyin da suka fito daga ilimin ilimin kimiyar tunani, kuma a mafi yawan lokuta, 'Psychoanalysis'. Nazarin zane-zane mai mahimmanci yana mai da hankali ne ga abokin ciniki, mai ilimin hanyoyin kwantar da hankali, sabili da haka ra'ayoyin da aka sauya tsakanin su ta hanyar fasaha.

Wata hanyar da ake amfani da maganin fasaha ita ce fasaha 'Psychotherapy'.

Wannan tsarin ya fi mai da hankali kan likitan kwakwalwa da nazarin aikin kwastomominsu da baki.

Hanya ta ƙarshe da ake bincika farɗan fasaha ita ce ta tabarau na fasaha azaman far. A duk waɗannan hanyoyi daban-daban, abokin harka na masu fasahar zane-zane yana kan tafiya don zurfafawa cikin tunaninsu na ciki da motsin zuciyarmu ta hanyar amfani da fenti, takarda, da alkalami, ko ma yumbu. Fasahar fasaha tana taimaka wa mutane haɓaka haɓaka aiki da motsa jiki, girman kai, wayewar kai, da juriya na motsin rai. Hakanan yana iya taimakawa wajen warware rikice-rikice da rage wahala.

Launuka na iya haifar da motsin rai, shafi tasirin hankali, haɓaka kerawa, amincin hankali da matakan ta'aziyya a cikin sarari.

Misali, launi launi ne mai motsawa wanda zai iya taimakawa cikin narkewa, halayyar da ke sanya shi kyakkyawan launi don ɗakunan cin abinci. Masana suna tunanin cewa rawaya tana kara kaifin ƙwaƙwalwa, wanda ke nufin kyakkyawan zaɓi ne ga cibiyoyin koyo. Tunda launin kore da shuɗi suna da nutsuwa, launuka masu sanyaya rai, sun dace da falo da dai sauransu. Yana da mahimmanci a yi tunani game da sararin samaniya, ciki da waje, kuma yanke shawarar abin da kuke son faruwa a cikinsu.

Idan launuka suna 'tsaka-tsaki', zasu iya ba da alama game da sanyi da taurin da zai iya jin rashin yarda ko mara dadi. Amfani da launi bai kamata kawai ya zama ado ba amma ya fi tasiri don inganta yanayin ginin.

Project Rainbow tare da rukunin fasaha na Dulux, jagorar zane don amfani da launi da bambanci, wanda Jami'ar Karatu ta samar ya bayyana cewa yayin zaɓar launuka, masu zane-zanen gine-gine na iya samun babban tasiri a kan ikon nakasassun mutane na iya amfani da gine-gine.Dr . Willard R. Daggett, Shugaba, Cibiyar Duniya don Jagoranci a Ilimi, yayi magana game da dabarun

Bayan lokaci, duk da haka, ƙwarewar fasaha ta faɗaɗa fiye da iyakancin jin daɗin jiki da na halayyar mutum kuma ya sami rawa a cikin ƙarin yanayin zamantakewar da zamantakewar al'umma-a matsayin maganin rigima, da kuma hanyar gina al'umma. Babban sanannen misali shine Mandala. Mandala (Sanskrit मण्डल, maṇḍala - a zahiri "da'irar") tsari ne na yanayi wanda yake alamomin.In

 daban-daban hadisai na ruhaniya, ana iya amfani da mandalas don mayar da hankalin masu aiki, a matsayin kayan aikin jagora na ruhaniya, don kafa sarari mai tsarki da kuma taimako ga tunani. Mandala ya samo asali ne a addinin Buddha; haɗinsa da ruhaniya yana taimaka mana ganin hanyoyin haɗi tare da fasaha ta mutumtaka ko aikin fasaha na mandala. Wannan a

s da mutane suke zanawa, launuka da suka cika, da halayensu. Wannan yana ba da alamu ga ci gaban halayyar mutum da halin halayyar su na yanzu wanda ke haifar da ƙarin farin ciki, kuma a sakamakon haka, ƙarfafa haɗin neuronal.

"Na zana kowace safiya a cikin littafin rubutu a wani karamin madauwari zane, ..da alama dai yayi daidai da halin da nake ciki a lokacin .. A hankali kawai sai na gano hakikanin yadda mandala yake: wanda in komai ya tafi daidai ya dace. ”- Carl Jung
(Tunawa, Mafarki, Tunani)

Mandala shine zane ko tsarin lissafi wanda ke wakiltar sararin samaniya a alamance; lokaci-microcosm na sararin samaniya, amma asalinsa yana nufin wakiltar cikakke kuma abin koyi ga tsarin tsarin rayuwar kanta.

Hoton sararin samaniya wanda yake nuni zuwa ga ma'ana mara iyaka kuma sabili da haka duniyar da ta ƙaru fiye da ta cikin tunani da jiki. A cikin addinin Hindu, mandala na asali, wanda kuma ake kira Yantra, yana ɗaukar siffar murabba'i mai ƙyamaren ƙofofi huɗu waɗanda ke ƙunshe da da'ira tare da aya ta tsakiya. Kowace ƙofa tana cikin yanayin fasalin 'T'. Mandalas galibi yana da daidaitaccen radial.

Gine-ginen Buddha sau da yawa suna amfani da mandala a matsayin zane don tsara tsarin addinin Buddha, gami da hadadden gidan ibada da stupas.

Babban misali na mandala a cikin gine-gine shine ƙarni na 9 Borobudur a Tsakiyar Java, Indonesia.

An gina shi azaman tsattsauran ra'ayi wanda ke kewaye da ƙananan ƙananan da aka tsara a farfajiyar da aka kafa a matsayin dala mai hawa, kuma idan aka kalle shi daga sama, yana ɗaukar sifa ta katuwar mandala, a lokaci guda yana wakiltar ilimin kimiyyar Buddha da yanayin tunani. Sauran gidajen ibada daga wannan lokacin waɗanda suke da tsare-tsaren mandala sun haɗa da Sewu, Plaosan, da Prambanan.

Hakanan zane-zanen mandala ana iya gani a cikin Kambodiya, Thailand, da Myanmar da kuma Indiya. Wasu daga cikin gidajen ibada na Indiya tare da shirin mandala sune Vrindavan, Khajuraho, Puri, Nashik, Thiruvallur, da Chidambaram.

Burin Ar (t) yakamata ya zama ya rage ƙalubalen zamantakewa da siyasa da bala'in rayuwa. Ya kamata mu juya zuwa fasaha, a wasu kalmomin, a matsayin hanyar magance matsaloli da matsaloli na gama gari.

Source: Majiyoyi da yawa ta Google

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